What is the rationale of this project, in terms of objectives pursued and needs and target groups to be addressed? Why should this project be carried out transnationally? In what way is the project innovative and/or complementary
As stated in the report of European Commission – Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection published on February 2016, the Syria conflict has triggered the world’s largest humanitarian crisis since World War II. Humanitarian needs continue to rise, population displacements are increasing, and an entire generation of children is being exposed to war and violence, increasingly deprived of basic services, education and protection.
Refugees from Syria are now the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation with over 4.6 million Syrian refugees in neighbouring countries and the wider region. Countries bordering Syria are reaching a dangerous saturation point, particularly Lebanon, which hosts almost 1.1 million Syria refugees and has, along with Jordan, the largest per capita refugee population in the world. Turkey is currently hosting more than 2.5 million Syrian refugees, the largest number of Syrian refugees in one country in the world.
The main groups of irregular migrants and refugees coming to the countries in the project consist of transit migrants, refugees and asylum seekers coming for safety needs and work purposes. Transit migrants and refugees are from the Middle East, Asia (mostly from Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh) and Africa (mostly from Somalia, Sudan, Nigeria and D.R. Congo) and are fleeing civil wars or economic collapse and poverty; they usually enter the hosting or transit countries illegally. While some of them apply for asylum, the majority try to use Turkey, Greece, Italy or Slovenia as a stopover on their way to the West. Therefore in the recent years the refugee crisis has been one of the main issues that EU has to deal with and overcome. The solutions to this current issue must be handled transnationally.
By the project we focus on the social and economic integration of refugees in the hosting countries which are involved in the project. Through the Project it is aimed to implement a succession of activities that promote the integration of the refugees in the host society and at the same time fight against its exclusion. Implementing the project, it is aimed to view integration as a flexible and multidimensional process implying not only the refugees’ adaptation to the host society.
The fact that they become refugees and asylum seekers in the hosting and transit countries is an urgent issue to tackle with. The integration of those people into society is an important impact of the project by language courses and basic digital literacy courses that help the social and economic integration of the refugees into the host society.
For some years, we have noticed the huge integration difficulties experienced by refugees in the host society. There were and still are frequent cases clearly showing the social exclusion experienced by the refugee groups. This is further illustrated by those refugees that, even after living in the host countries for a long time, are unable to communicate in the language of the hosting country, even at a basic level of the language. It is important for them to be able to communicate beyond their own group, to move about independently, go shopping, get information, visit doctors and read, etc. so that they will be able to overcome the social challenges and language problems of the hosting countries.
In order to achieve the aims of the project listed above it is planned to design a language and communication module of the hosting country as an intellectual output. The other important implementation activity of the project focuses on improving refugees’ basic digital skills including digital literacy courses so that people can use computer technology in everyday life to develop new social and economic opportunities for themselves, their families, and their communities.
We aim to make steps towards securing social integration, employment and financial independence of developing basic skills and key competences of the target groups. The project will foster to develop and update the target groups’ key competences throughout their lives. The key competences are necessary for personal fulfilment, active involvement, integration, social cohesion and employability in the host country as stated in the Recommendation of The European Parliament and of The Council numbered 2006/962/EC.
The project is aimed to promote equity and inclusion by facilitating the access to participants with disadvantaged backgrounds and fewer opportunities including migrants, refugees, asylum seekers who have linguistic adaptation and cultural inclusion difficulties in the hosting society, people with limited social skills, basic skills and key competences as mentioned in Erasmus+ Programme Guide for 2016. We address the needs of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants and plan to increase awareness about social integration within local communities by offering learning opportunities for the target groups.
In what way is the project innovative and/or complementary to other projects already carried out?
In consideration of the difficulties the disadvantaged groups including migrants and refugees have to face in order to adapt and integrate into the society in terms of language obstacles of the hosting countries and the developing digital literacy which will help the target groups secure social integration of the target groups. The project aims to increase their preparation and improve their social inclusion developing adult literacy skills and refugees’ basic digital skills to develop new social and economic opportunities for themselves, their families, and their communities.
All the partner oranizations are running individually social inclusion projects, but this project will be innovative since it will bring together the experiences in different countries. Migrants and refugees who are hosted in different countries will take advantage of the socio-economic integration into the host society. The project is innovative in a way of focusing on and representing the key elements and competences any newly recognised refugee will need to address in order to establish themselves and begin rebuilding their lives in the hosting country.
The main groups of irregular migrants coming to Turkey consist of transit migrants, refugees who are escaping from the war in Syria and asylum seekers, and migrants coming for work purposes. The civil conflict in Syria, has political, economic and social consequences for the Middle East. Almost 2.5 million refugees are settled in Turkey. Many of the refugees are also living in Istanbul. Most of them are women and children. Tuzla Kaymakamlığı and Tuzla Halk Eğitimi Merkezi together with the Directorate of Social Assistance and Solidarity are carrying out projects to integrate the migrant and refugees into social and economic life actively.
In the last year, more than 87,000 people arrived in Italy by sea, mainly from Eritrea and the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria). In an effort to reduce the risks linked to such journeys, in October 2013 the Italian Government launched the Mare Nostrum operation, which has rescued more than 100,000 people. Greece and Spain also recorded an increase in arrivals.
The social integration of refugees in Italy consists on a bi-directional process which sees two actors: on the one hand the refugees who need to actively participate in the dialogue of integration and, on the other hand, the Italian society which has to make their actions possible and interact in the dialogue with asylum seekers.
As it is known Greece is one of the countries that had and still has big number of incoming refugees every day last years. These people most of the times do not will to stay in Greece, although their difficult situation does not allow them to move to the rest of Europe. Their life in our country becomes quite difficult when they don’t have any possibility for integration in society or to labour market. One of the main problems that makes their inclusion more impossible in socio-economic sectors is that they don’t speak the language and lack of basic digital skills.
The project will be complementary to other projects implemented by EU and the countries in the partnership in the way of promoting the basic language skills and key competences of the target groups including migrants and refugees. The project will be innovative in terms of providing the target groups more possibilities to be accepted in society and also to increase their potential chances in everyday life.
The current refugee crisis has specifically affected Sweden. It is one of the countries that receives most of the Syrian refugees. Policies within Sweden are constantly changing due to the complexity of the issue and also affects other neighbouring countries for example border control within Denmark. Therefore, this project will be one of the way we can better support the increased refugees that enter Sweden.
Placed in the region of EU’s external border areas, Slovenia is facing a great challenge of dealing with the refugee crises on short as well as longer terms. With this project we hope to contribute to the network of inter-European cooperation, forming concrete example of inclusion and employment opportunities that can be further transplanted and influential in forming efficient EU policies towards migrants.
Refugees who come to the Poland have had terrible experiences of war. Because of this they need especially psychological support and also practical assistance, including help with language issues, legal issues, help in job searching, help in sending children to school, and seek medical care.
In the times we are facing, we urgently need more inter-European solidarity, efficient connections between different organisations, sectors and stakeholders that can lead to more effective, constructive and inclusive solutions. Also there is a great need to develop innovative tools and methods for successful reception and inclusion of migrants/ refugees in Europe.